Context-aware Adversarial Training for Name Regularity Bias in Named Entity Recognition

Abbas Ghaddar, Philippe Langlais, Ahmad Rashid, Mehdi Rezagholizadeh

Abstract


In this work, we examine the ability of NER models to use contextual information when predicting the type of an ambiguous entity. We introduce NRB, a new testbed carefully designed to diagnose Name Regularity Bias of NER models. Our results indicate that all state-of-the-art models we tested show such a bias; BERT fine-tuned models significantly outperforming feature-based (LSTM-CRF) ones on NRB, despite having comparable (sometimes lower) performances on standard benchmarks.       

To mitigate this bias, we propose a novel model-agnostic training method which adds learnable adversarial noise to some entity mentions, thus enforcing models to focus more strongly on contextual signal, leading to significant gains on NRB. Combining it with two other training strategies, data augmentation and parameter freezing, leads to further gains.


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