Nonparametric Bayesian Semi-supervised Word Segmentation

Ryo Fujii, Ryo Domoto, Daichi Mochihashi

Abstract


This paper presents a novel hybrid generative/discriminative model of word segmentation based on nonparametric Bayesian methods.  Unlike ordinary discriminative word segmentation which relies only on labeled data, our semi-supervised model also leverages a huge amounts of unlabeled text to automatically learn new "words'', and further constrains them by using a labeled data to segment non-standard texts such as those found in social networking services.

Specifically, our hybrid model combines a discriminative classifier (CRF; Lafferty et al. (2001)) and unsupervised word segmentation (NPYLM; Mochihashi et al. (2009)) with a transparent exchange of information between these two model structures within the semi-supervised framework (JESS-CM; Suzuki et al. (2008)).  We confirmed that it can appropriately segment non-standard texts like those in Twitter and Weibo and has nearly state-of-the-art accuracy on standard datasets in Japanese, Chinese, and Thai.


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